Nancamilpa, Tlaxcala, Mexico
What is a firefly?
A firefly is an insect of the beetle family, with a soft body. The male has wings and flies while the female does not, the female looks like a worm, and moves along the ground, grass and leaves. Fireflies are nocturnal and like humidity. They have a head, thorax, abdomen, three pairs of feet and antenas. They are about one centimetre long.
The light they produce comes from a special organ that they have below the abdomen, it is an intense green-yellow light that they produce, and both males and females produce it. They are Anthropods, the most extense animal family that nature has to offer.
Fireflies are considered benign as thay are completely inofensive, they do not bite and do not transmit deseases, they are not a plague and do not make noise.
They are a fragile species which means they are now in danger of extinction, mainly because of deforestation and growing urban spaces.
It is estimated that there are more than 2,000 species in the world. In the sanctuary at Tlaxcala they can only be seen during the rainy season, normally during the months of June and August They can be seen just after twighlight depending on climatic conditions, and the show lasts for one or two hours.
Fireflies are an endemic species, they do not leave a certain area and spend their lives in that same area, and have done so for millions of years. They do not come from other areas and are not migratory.
Spanish: Luciérnagas, bichos de luz, candela, candelitas, noctilucas.
French: Luciole, ver luisant, mouche a feu.
English: Firefly, glow-worm, lightning bug, fire beetle.
German: Gluhwurmchen, leuchtkafer.
Portugues: Pirilampo, vaga-lume.
Scientific name: Macrolampis Palaciosi. (Species from Nanacamilpa, Tlaxcala, México).
Order: Coleoptero (Soft bodied beetle).
Infraorder: Elateriformia (Coleopteros polifagos of which there are 25,000 species).
Superfamily. Elateroidia (17 families).
Family: Lampyridae (There are 2,000 species known to emit light).